MEMBACA : Menentukan tujuan komunikasi sebuah teks
Contoh soal :
An animal nursery is a kind of job. People who work as animal nursery workers work in zoos, kennerls, animal shelters, and circuses. They are responsible for feeding, watering, cleaning, bathing and exercising animals. They keep records of treatments that the animals have received from the veterinarian, an animal doctor.
Animal nursery workers have serious responsibilities and function. They provide care for newborns and young animals, prepare their food, transport them to feeding areas, and deliver food and water to them. The food they prepare is different for each species of animals they care for. They fill nursing bottles which have been sterilized with the appropriate feeding formula. They also take care of orphaned animals. They observe newborn animals and check for signs of disease or abnormality. They may perform physical exam on the young animals occasionally, taking their temperature, pulse rate and blood pressure. They are also in charge of cleaning and preparing comfortable sleeping areas for animals, removing waste, cleaning and disinfecting them they also make sure all cages and enclosures are safe.
What is the purpose of the writer to write the text above?
a. to entertain the readers with the animal nursery workers' story
b. to explain the hobbies of the animal nursery workers
c. to explain how to be an animal nursery workers.
d. to describe the job of animal nursery workers.
( soal Ujian Nasional 2010-2011)
Siswa harus bisa mengidentifikasi jenis teks diatas berdasarkan ciri2 teks tersebut.
Ciri2 teks Deskripsi/Report
- Menggambarkan sesuatu, bisa berupa benda, manusia (tokoh terkenal), hewan ,tumbuhan, profesi, suatu tempat dll.
- Di dalam teks terdapat data yang berupa angka( meter, kg) , percentase, tanggal, tahun dll
- Paragraph pertama/ kalimat pertama berupa identifikasi sesuatu yang digambarkan
- Paragraph berikutnya berupa gambaran2 dari sesuatu yang diidentifikasi pada paragraph pertama.
Jika sahabat menemukan ciri2 seperti itu maka teks tersebut berjenis Descriptive/Report.
Tujuan komunikasi ---> To describe......( sesuatu yang digambarkan)
Jawaban : d. to describe the job of animal nursery workers